IPv6: The Future is Now
Cisco's Steve Deering warns that the costs of a slow rollout of IPv6 are being felt now -- while nations and corporations that are implementing IPv6 ahead of everyone else are reaping the early bird's reward.
While some talk of the slow adoption of IPv6, at least one expert, who is at ground zero of the impending IP implosion, says the melt down of the Internet is already underway. According to Steve Deering, Cisco Fellow and lead designer of the IPv6 protocol, the delay in the roll-out of IPv6 has already resulted in the inability to deploy new services and lost opportunities for the future.
"The consequences of not having adequate IP address space are already being seen and the problems will only become worse as time goes on," warned Deering.
If anyone knows IPv6, it's Steve Deering. Besides being one of lead designers of the protocol, he's currently a participant in the Internet Research Task Force's End to End Research Group, a member of the Internet Architecture Board, and co-chair of the IETF's IPv6 working group. As a member of Cisco's Advanced Internet Architectural Group, he's active in the development and standardization of architectural enhancements to the Internet protocol.
NATs Not Working
Deering explained that Network Address Translators (NATs) currently in use work only with certain styles of applications. "They work for client-server applications where there are a relatively small number of servers."
Web and e-mail servers fall into this category where the server receives a public address and the clients share addresses behind translators. But, there's more to it. "Things like IP telephony, peer-to-peer gaming, or other applications where you have servers that you access remotely don't work through network translators," said Deering.
The main benefit of the IPv6 protocol is a dramatic increase in the number of available IP addresses. IPv6 expands the current address space available under IPv4 from 32-bits to 128-bits.
Most predict that the four billion addresses available under IPv4 will be depleted by the year 2005. Under IPv6, the number of available addresses will jump from the current four billion to 340 trillion trillion trillion, more than enough to handle needs far into the future.
No Room For New Services
Deering also pointed out that the limited nature of the current addressing protocol (IPv4) has prevented the deployment new types of services.
"We are basically stuck with those things that work through NATs," he observed. "If all the universities had been behind NATs in the 1990s, we probably would never have gotten the Web. This begs the question of what other services and great applications we are failing to get because they can't be deployed in today's Internet."
All sorts of new devices and applications are on hold until the fundamental problem of address space is solved. Smart refrigerators that order food when the supply runs low, home alarm systems linked to the police department, cars that talk to dealers and schedule their own maintenance along with an endless array of handheld devices and smart cell phones that talk directly to data banks, news organizations, and librariesall need unique IP addresses.
A number of patches to IPv4 have been implemented to stretch the available address space and keep this 20 year old technology viable in the current environment. While this has worked up to now, it is, at best, a temporary solution.
"The patches we have put into place to survive with IPv4 have made the Internet more fragile and resulted in more single points of failure," said Deering.