Repairing Windows 2000 through the Recovery Console - Page 2

 By Brien M. Posey
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Accessing the Recovery Console

Even though the Recovery Console is part of Windows 2000, it isn't installed by default--probably because it consumes an extra 74MB of hard disk space. If you need access to the Recovery Console, you have a couple of choices. Before the system ever crashes, you can install it directly through the Windows 2000 graphical user interface. If a crash has already occurred, you can install the Recovery Console by booting from the four Windows 2000 startup disks and following the prompts. (Of course, if the crash has already occurred and you don't have enough free hard-disk space to install the Recovery Console--or if the hard disk is too badly damaged to install or access the Recovery Console--you can always use ERD Commander Professional to get in and clean up the hard disk. It works directly off floppy disks and doesn't have to be installed to the hard disk.)

To install the Recovery Console on a functional Windows 2000 system, follow these steps:

  1. Close any open programs and open a Command Prompt window.
  2. Insert your Windows 2000 CD and navigate to the I386 directory (or the Alpha directory, if you're using an Alpha system).
  3. Enter the following command to install the Recovery Console: [code] WINNT32 /CMDCONS
  4. If the system has already been damaged, boot your computer from the first setup disk. If you don't have these disks, you can easily create them on any PC by using the disk images stored on the Windows 2000 CD.
  5. Once your system boots, follow the prompts as if you're installing Windows 2000 until you reach the point at which where Setup asks if you want to repair an existing installation. Enter "R" to begin the repair process.
  6. You'll be asked if you prefer to use the Recovery Console or the emergency repair disk. Select the Recovery Console option and continue to follow the prompts to install the Recovery Console.

Once you've installed the Recovery Console, you can access it by rebooting your PC and selecting the Recovery Console command from the boot menu. As I mentioned earlier, you'll have to enter the Administrator password before you'll be able to use the Recovery Console. Once the Recovery Console loads, you'll be presented with a standard DOS screen. Most of the usual DOS commands work in this environment; however, some new commands are available, as listed in the sidebar "Recovery Console Commands". You can put these commands to work as you fix Windows 2000.

This article was originally published on Jun 27, 2000
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