Groups Predict Disastrous Merger Effects

A coalition of consumer groups says the proposed mergers between Verizon and
MCI and SBC and AT&T will widen the digital divide and slow the rollout of

In an opposition filing to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
today, the groups said the two mergers represent a “double dose of
anti-competitive chutzpah that spells disaster for consumers.”

“The culprit for the digital divide is not population density or spendthrift
government subsidies; rather it is the lack of competition and the abuse of
vertical market power,” the groups wrote in their FCC filing opposing the

Last week, the Ashburn-Va.-based MCI accepted
an $8.4 billion merger offer with Verizon just months after
SBC announced a $16 billion takeover
of AT&T . With stockholder approval for both deals, the
transactions now move to Washington for antitrust review.

The filing notes that Verizon is the dominant local exchange carrier in its
home territory in addition to being the No. 1 long-distance carrier and
wireless service provider in most of its markets. MCI is the No. 1 or
No. 2 competitive local exchange carrier in most of Verizon’s service

“The proposed Verizon-MCI merger pending before the FCC will have profoundly
anti-competitive effects across the full range of product and geographic
markets touched by the merging parties,” Mark Cooper, the Consumer Federation of America’s (CFA) director of research, said in a statement.

Gene Kimmelman, the Consumers Union’s senior director of public policy,
added, “If not rejected or dramatically altered, these mergers could set
the marketplace back to a world more akin to deregulated monopoly than

According to the filing, SBC and Verizon currently control 80 percent of the
market in their regions.

“By buying up their largest competitors and eliminating the last vestige of
competition, the market shares of these two behemoths in their regions
will likely exceed 90 percent in the residential sector,” the filing states.

Ed Mierzwinski, program director of the U.S. Public Interest Research Group
(U.S. PIRG), noted the irony of MCI, a pioneer competitor to the Baby Bells,
being swallowed up by Verizon.

“MCI played a key ‘maverick’ role in the industry for decades. Not only did
it break open the long-distance monopoly for residential customers, but it
also pioneered local competition,” Mierzwinski said. “Because of MCI’s
competitive leadership, incumbents and competitors are now able to offer a
uniform package across a large number of markets. Should it merge with
Verizon, these competition-enhancing, price-lowering elements will

Two of the elements likely to disappear with a merger, the group claims, are
Internet and interstate IP backbone traffic.

“Specifically, AT&T and MCI are large providers of Internet and interstate
transport. As independent companies, their interest is in maximizing
traffic,” the filing states. “SBC and Verizon are large purchasers of
Internet and interstate backbone services. As unaffiliated buyers, they make
up a large portion of the market.”

From a competition standpoint, the groups claim, “It is important to keep
SBC and Verizon, which need the Internet and interstate backbone services as
inputs, separate from AT&T and MCI, which provide this critical input.”

With a merger, “SBC’s and Verizon’s competitors will have difficulty gaining
this input and are more likely to go out of business.”

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